Is strength training part of your regular workout routine? Or, have you decided it’s time to include it? Strength training or weight training can improve quality of life and overall health by reducing both blood glucose levels and body fat. It improves strength as muscle mass increases and is maintained.
According to an article in Today’s Dietitian, people say they don’t want to eat before or after a workout or they will blow the benefits. However, think about it this way.
When you have a meal or snack before a strength training session, your energy level increases and ultimately can result in additional calories burned…in other words, you don’t poop out as quickly.
Most sports nutritionist suggest a meal or snack two hours before a workout but at least one hour if the snack is smaller in size. According to a second article in Today’s Dietitian, a pre-strength training meal or snack should be high in carbohydrates, moderate in protein, and low in fat and fiber in order for the stomach to empty quickly such as a bagel and fresh fruit.
Don’t forget that nutrition post workout is part of the smart strategy. Eat a meal or snack consisting of carbs and protein within 30 minutes to speed glycogen recovery and to help repair muscle microtears that may occur during lifting.
Storage rates for glycogen are fastest the first hour after exercise. Remember that carbohydrate, one of the three energy nutrients along with protein and fat that supply calories, fuels the brain and body and most easily converts to energy or glucose. Stored glucose is called glycogen.
Remember that your intake varies depending on your routine but in terms of protein needs for the day, sports nutritionists Janice Dada and Dr. Jenna Bell suggest 1.2 to 1.7 grams protein/kilogram body weight for strength training.
The range for protein in the daily diet has been 5-35% of total daily calories. Now the suggestion is to reach the higher end of that range….20-35% of total calories from protein, especially when you weight train.
Muscle hypertrophy and strength gains also result from repeated sets of higher weights and less repetitions plus the right nutrition. Remember that if you are just starting out and are a strength-training novice, it’s important to start slowly and build muscle endurance with lighter weights or resistance before you progress to heavier weights and strength gains.
Glucosamine/chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial (Gait Trial)
glucosamine versus placebo (Journal of the American Medical Association)
Power Eating by Susan M. Kleiner, PhD, RD
Energy to Burn by Jenna Bell, PhD, RD, CSSD
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